Josiah Downen1

#3942, (between 1740 and 1750 - circa 1801)
Relationship3rd great-grandfather of William David Lewis

Family

Mary Elizabeth Smith b. 1747, d. 1835
Children 1.Job Downen Sr+11 (bt 1765 - 1768 - 1842)
 2.Hannah Downen+12 (c 1770 - )
 3.William N Downen+13 (bt 1770 - 1775 - )
 4.Josiah Downen Jr+14 (1780 - 1845)
 5. Patsy "Martha" Downen+1 (c 1784 - c 1855)
 6.Elizabeth Downen+15 (c 1784 - )
 7.Polly Downen+16 (c 1784 - )
 8.Timothy Downen+17 (c 1787 - 1828)
 9.David Downen+18 (1789 - )
For more on the pioneer Downen family, see Bob Downen's summary at http://wiki.geni.com/index.php/Downen and the Downen Family website.2,3 
Josiah Downen was also known as Downing.4 
Josiah Downen was also known as Joshua Downen. 
Birth*between 1740 and 1750He was born between 1740 and 1750 at Granville Co., South CarolinaB.1 
Marriage*He married Mary Elizabeth Smith.1 
13 February 1765He received a land grant comprising 150 acres near Parke's Creek on 13 February 1765 at Granville (now Abbeville) Co., South CarolinaB.5,6
1780He began military service in 1780 at South CarolinaB "Josiah Downen served in the South Carolina militia for the Revolutionary War under Capt. Wilson and Col. Anderson from May 1780 to April 1782 alternately. On 8 May 1781, General Pickens sent him out oin a detachment under Col. Anderson. The unit was overtaken by the enemy and in the retreat, he was struck from his horse and wounded. A.A.2014; O384." (Ref - Roster of South Carolina Patriots in the American Revolution.)7,8 
1790He and Mary Elizabeth Smith appeared on the census of 1790 at Pendleton Co., South CarolinaB.9 
between 1794 and 1800He and Mary Elizabeth Smith removed between 1794 and 1800 Kentucky.10 
1799He received a land grant of 200 acres in 1799 at Muhlenberg Co., KentuckyB.4 
Death*circa 1801He died circa 1801 at Muhlenberg Co., KentuckyB.1 
The earliest documentation found on our particular Downen family line is a Royal Land Grant in South Carolina presented to our ancestor, JOSIAH DOWNING, dated February 13, 1768. The grant, in the name of King George III, gave Josiah 150 acres of vacant land in Granville County, South Carolina, located slightly north of the town of Abbeville in modern-day Abbeville County. During the Revolutionary War era, this region was known as "96th District." Grants were also made in the same area to James, John, and Thomas Downing who could have been his brothers. No earlier references to Josiah Downing have been found in South Carolina. Of course, if he had recently come of age, this might just be his first appearance in an official document. Official birth records were not kept in the early colonies.
Different theories exist as to Josiah Downing's origins. Some researchers have speculated that Josiah was one of the many poor Scots-Irish Protestant immigrants to the Carolina colonies during this period, who were promised free land by the English crown to settle there. Others believe Josiah was part of a Downing family migration southward from Pennsylvania, Virginia, and North Carolina in the 1700s; in fact, one source claims that Josiah's oldest son was born in Granville County, North Carolina. There were other Downings in nearby Chester County, South Carolina, who seem to have followed this southward migration. Also, there were Downing families just across the boundary in Georgia, who could have moved northeastward into South Carolina. Some researchers speculate that Josiah may be closely related to Indian Traders John Downing and Patrick Downing who were sent from Virginia to South Carolina in the 1750s to man the new frontier trading post near Abbeville; both were still living in the 1770s, in proximity to Josiah. At this point, nothing can be ruled out, and clear-cut proof remains to be found. However, the southward migration from Pennsylvania through Maryland, Virginia (perhaps Orange County), and North Carolina (perhaps Orange County) seems promising and whould merit further research.

Source: http://wiki.geni.com/index.php/Downen [with theis note: "This section is intended only as a general overview of Downen family origins so far as they have been documented. It is based upon personal research, and also summarizes information found in previous publications, including History of the Downen Family 1777-1970 (A.R. Bradley, Carmi, IL. 1974) and Many Branches of the King-Miner Family (Glen Miner, Ridgway, IL. 1984). For additional detail, consult one or both of those books, which can be found in several libraries in Southern Indiana and Illinois."].4 
ChartsAncestors of William D. Lewis

Citations

  1. [S48] Gerald Ray Lewis Family Tree, Gerald Ray Lewis, owner, online Ancestry.com, http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/1282739/person/-1514015849
  2. [S462] Downen Genealogy, online \http://downens.org/\.
  3. [S628] Downen Wiki on Geni.com, online \http://wiki.geni.com/index.php/Downen\. Hereinafter cited as Downen Wiki.
  4. [S628] Downen Wiki, online http://wiki.geni.com/index.php/Downen, http://wiki.geni.com/index.php/Downen
  5. [S626] South Carolina Department of Archives and History Online Archives, online scdah.sc.gov, S213184: Colonial Plat Books (Copy Series); "Downing, Josiah, Plat for 150 acres on Parks Creek"; http://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/onlinearchives/…
  6. [S478] Ancestors and Relatives of Harmon Victor Mills and Carol Joyce Miller Mills James, online \http://mills-sfv.com/Genealogy/Families/Mills-Miller.html\, "The information in this paragraph specifically and much of this page comes from the Downen genealogy wiki. The earliest documentation on Josiah was a Royal Land Grant in the name of King George III dated 13 February 1768. The grant was made to Josiah Downing, giving him 150 acres of vacant land in Granville County, South Carolina (now Abbeville County, South Carolina). Land grants were also made to James, John and Thomas Downing, who may have been Josiah's brothers.
    Interestingly enough, after I wrote the above paragraph I found some fascinating stuff on a website which has indexed very old South Carolina land records from Abbeville County -- here is a link to the site which in turn points to copies of the images on the website of the South Carolina Department of Archives and History. According to the index site the grant was made to Josiah Downing, map section 4D, the date the plat was certified by the surveyor was 16 May 1765, reference ID was C10:206 (volume and page number of the plat in the original plat book), size was 150 acres, location was Parke's Creek, surveyor Jno Pickens, and there were no adjoining property grants or owners (all sides vacant)." http://mills-sfv.com/Genealogy/People/D/Downen/…. Hereinafter cited as Mills-Miller FT.
  7. [S228] Daughters of the American Revolution Genealogical Research System, online http://services.dar.org/public/dar_research/Search/, "DOWNEN, Josiah, b. ca 1750, prob S.C., d. 1801-1803 Muhlenberg Co., Ky, m. Mary. SERVICE: A soldier, served militia duty May 1780 to April 1782, Capt. M. Welson, Col. Anderson in South Carolina. CHILDREN: Job.., Timothy..., Patsy, m. Thompson Price."
    Source: A roster of Revolutionary ancestors of the Indiana Daughters of the American Revolution : commemoration of the United States of [database on-line], Vol. I, p. 180. Hereinafter cited as D.A.R. GRS.
  8. [S479] Bobby Gilmer Moss, Roster of South Carolina Patriots in the American Revolution (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1983, 1994), "Josiah Downen served in the South Carolina militia for the Revolutionary War under Capt. Wilson and Col. Anderson from May 1780 to April 1782 alternately. On 8 May 1781, General Pickens sent him out oin a detachment under Col. Anderson. The unit was overtaken by the enemy and in the retreat, he was struck from his horse and wounded. A.A.2014; O384." (Ref - Roster of South Carolina Patriots in the American Revolution).
  9. [S268] 1790 U.S. Federal Census, image viewed online Ancestry.com or FamilySearch.com. Josiah (16+); Mary (F); M (16+) [Job or William]; 3 m (<16) [Josiah, Timothy, David]; 3 f [Elizabeth, Patsy and Hannah or Polly].
  10. [S478] Mills-Miller FT, online http://mills-sfv.com/Genealogy/Families/Mills-Miller.html
  11. [S477] Downen Book, Alexandrian Library, Mount Vernon, online \http://boards.ancestry.com/thread.aspx\, 2 DOWNEN, Job, Sr b: Bet. 1765 - 1768 North Carolina d: 30 October 1842 Posey Co, IN
    ............... +ROBINSON, Mary b: 1769 South Carolina d: 04 April 1856 Posey Co, IN m: 1792
    ..................... 3 DOWNEN, Joseph b: Bet. 1790 - 1791
    ........................... +GROVES, Cathy
    ..................... 3 DOWNEN, Jane b: Abt. 1792
    ........................... +BARTON, Samuel L b: Bet. 1780 - 1790 (is a duplicate) merge later m: June 1810 Muhlenberg Co, KY
    ..................... 3 DOWNEN, Rebecca b: 1794 Kentucky
    ........................... +OLIVER, Samuel b: 1794 d 1: 1840 d 2: Abt. 1832 m: 25 April 1816 Muhlenberg Co, KY
    3 DOWNEN, Martha "Or Margaret" b: Bet. 1800 - 1810
    ........................... +UTLEY, Frederick b: 1799 VA or Cumberland, NC (1850) d: 23 Oct 1869 m: 23 Nov 1820 Muhlenberg Co, KY
    ..................... 3 DOWNEN, Joel b: 1801
    ..................... 3 DOWNEN, Margaret b: 10 January 1803 Kentucky d: 07 April 1877 Robinson Twp, Posey Co, IN
    ........................... +UTLEY, William Washington, Civil War b: 07 November 1800 Wake Co, NC or Cumberland Co, NC
    3 DOWNEN, Job, Jr b 1: Bet. 1806 - 1809 Kentucky b 2: Bet. 1806 - 1809 Indiana
    ........................... +MARTIN, Suannah m: 11 October 1833 Mt Vernon, Posey Co, IN
    ..................... *2nd Wife of DOWNEN, Job, Jr:
    ........................... +OUTLAW, Margaret b: Abt. 1822 South Carolina m: 25 March 1846 Posey Co, IN
    ..................... 3 DOWNEN, David Robinson b: 29 April 1813 Christian Co, KY d: 4AP1856??
    ........................... +BLAKELY, Martha
    ................................. 4 DOWNEN, Mertie F b: 1873 d: 1964
    ....................................... +HUTCHCRAFT, Elizah
    ................................. 4 DOWNEN, John Thomas b: 1875 d: 1938
    ....................................... +SCHREIBER, Mamie
    ..................... *2nd Wife of DOWNEN, David Robinson:
    ........................... +SOUTH, Mary Jane b: Abt. 1818 Ohio d: 1866 m: 21 June 1836 Posey Co, IN
    ..................... 3 DOWNEN, Elizabeth b: Abt. 1809 KY (possibly same person as a sister?) d: 02 Feb 1895 Marrs Twp, Posey Co, IN
    ........................... +BARTON



    . Hereinafter cited as Downen Book.
  12. [S477] Downen Book, online http://boards.ancestry.com/thread.aspx, ......... 2 DOWNEN, Hannah b: 1770
    ............... +DIXON, James b: Of Christian Co, KY m: 1800.
  13. [S477] Downen Book, online http://boards.ancestry.com/thread.aspx, ......... 2 DOWNEN, William N (R) "Judge" b: Bet. 1770 - 1775 d: 1849 Schuyler Co, IL? - Or 1826
    ............... +ELIZABETH b: Abt. 1769 South Carolina
    ......... *2nd Wife of DOWNEN, William N (R) "Judge":
    ............... +ROBINSON, Margaret b: 1780 d: November 1834 Wayne Co, IL
    ......... *3rd Wife of DOWNEN, William N (R) "Judge":
    ............... +CARSON, Mary "Polly" b: Abt. 1769 SC d: Bet. 1834 - 1851 Wayne Co, IL m: 04 October 1821 Posey Co, IN.
  14. [S477] Downen Book, online http://boards.ancestry.com/thread.aspx, 2 DOWNEN, Josiah, Esquire-Jr b: 01 August 1780 d: 09 June 1845 Posey Co, IN
    ...... +BARTON, Ann (or Mary) b: Bef. 1775 Or 14JUL1792 d: 22 June 1845 m: 02 March 1815 Posey Co, IN (license).
  15. [S477] Downen Book, online http://boards.ancestry.com/thread.aspx, 2 DOWNEN, Elizabeth b: 1784
    ............... +CALVIN, James, Sr b: 1776 Kentucky / South Carolina d: 1846 m: September 1803 Muhlenberg Co, KY
    ..................... 3 CALVIN, Sarah (Sally) b: Abt. 1813 Indiana
    ........................... +STEPHENS, John D m: 03 August 1831 Posey Co, Indiana
    ................................. 4 STEPHENS, William H H b: Abt. 1836 Indiana
    ..................... *2nd Husband of CALVIN, Sarah (Sally):
    ........................... +DALRYMPLE, David b: Abt. 1811 Kentucky m: 27 March 1849 Posey Co, IN

    [not named in Mills-Miller].
  16. [S477] Downen Book, online http://boards.ancestry.com/thread.aspx, 2 DOWNEN, Polly b: 1784 Anderson Co, SC
    ............... +LACY, John m: 1803 KY
    ..................... 3 LACY, Henry C
    ..................... 3 LACY, John
    ..................... 3 LACY, David.
  17. [S477] Downen Book, online http://boards.ancestry.com/thread.aspx, Timothy Downen Sr, b. 96th Dist., Pendleton Co. SC, 1777, d. Posey Co. IN 28 Dec 1828. Fought in the Battle of Tippecanoe 1812; marr. Jane Brice, b. SC 18 Sep 1782, d. 9 Jun 1852. Citing History of Wadesville, Posey Co, Indiana (1977).
  18. [S477] Downen Book, online http://boards.ancestry.com/thread.aspx, 2 DOWNEN, David b: May 1789 d: 1858 Or abt 1831
    ..... +OLIVER, Elizabeth "Betsey" b: Bet. 1775 - 1790 d: 1870 m: 1808 Christian Co, KY.